Goans who opted for Portuguese citizenship and moved to Britain, or Goans considering the same, will be watching Thursday’s referendum closely as they will be affected whether Britain stays in or leaves the European Union.
Using Portugal’s nationality law, which allows anyone born before December 19, 1961 (the date of Goa’s liberation from Portugal) and their three generations to acquire Portuguese nationality, thousands have migrated and settled in Britain, mainly in Swindon and London.
As Portuguese nationals, they become EU citizens, which entitles them to live and work in any of the 28 members of the bloc under the “freedom of movement” principle.
A vote to leave the EU will restrict their right to stay in Britain and a vote to remain will affect their access to state financial benefits under the deal secured by Prime Minister David Cameron from Brussels earlier this year.
Rabi Martins, the Goa-origin councillor in Watford, north London, told Hindustan Times: “It is a walk into the unknown. Goans now need to rethink before applying for Portuguese passports, since the EU referendum will adversely affect them. Brexit will make it worse, but even a vote to stay in will make it difficult.”
There are reports that some EU citizens living in Britain have applied for British passports to avoid any adverse impact of the referendum outcome, while many British citizens keen to retain EU links have applied for Irish citizenship. Britain allows dual citizenship and neighbouring Ireland is a key member of the EU.
According to an Oxford analysis, the “India-born Portuguese citizens” accounted for just over 20,000 UK residents in the first quarter of 2015. Calling it “backdoor entry” into Britain, groups such as Migration Watch UK have opposed their migration.
A vote for Brexit is likely to mean EU nationals (including the Goan Portuguese) will need a work permit, currently required for Indian and other non-EU citizens. It will also mean no access to benefits and public funds for the first four years of stay.
Martins said the thousands of recently migrated Goans find life is not exactly great in Britain: “Many highly qualified people end up doing menial work in supermarkets. It’s sad but they won’t admit it to anyone back home. The impact of Brexit on new and recently migrated Goans needs to be highlighted.”
Armando Gonsalves, chairman of Goa ForGiving Trust, said, “It is amazing that Goans are going to Britain via the Portuguese passport rule when there are many opportunities back home. They leave behind priceless properties as they head to Britain with the hope that they will improve their lives.”
He added: “I believe this is part of a herd mentality, demand remains high. I met many such people in London who were unhappy and disgruntled, but are not ready to return home due to a false sense of pride, since their erstwhile Goan friends would laugh at them.”
Portugal was the first Western country to colonise parts of India (Goa, from 1510) and the last to leave (in 1961). The Goan migration to Britain has led to several social problems in their villages of origin, including empty neighbourhoods and low church attendance.
It is a walk into the unknown. Goans now need to rethink before applying for Portuguese passports, since the EU referendum will adversely affect them. Brexit will make it worse, but even a vote to stay in will make it difficult